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黑白合同(Black and White Contracts)

朱景宏
 

黑白合同   Black and White Contracts

  黑白合同是目前工程建设合同管理领域中让人最感到棘手的问题之一。在我国的建设工程招投标过程中,由于政府对招投标合同的价款等规定与当事人的要求不同,为规避政府监管,当事人往往签订两份合同,一份按照招投标文件和政府的要求签订,以备行政主管机关检查、备案及公证等使用,被称为白合同;另一份则是双方当事人私下约定签订并准备实际履行的,被称为黑合同。
  “Black and white contracts” are among the hardest problems in the field of construction project contract management. In the course of bidding and tendering of a construction project in China, since the provisions of the government on such matters as prices of contracts for tendering and bidding differ from those of the parties to such contracts, in order to evade the supervision and administration of the government the parties to such contracts usually sign two contracts, one of which is concluded pursuant to the requirements of the tendering and bidding documents and of the governments that will be used for submission to the competent administrative authorities for inspection, records and notarization, which is called a“white contract”, the other of which is signed privately that is to be actually implemented, called a “black contract”.
  合同双方在履行过程中如果产生纠纷,出于不同的利益角度,各方当事人往往都会选择对自己有利的合同作为依据,于是便产生了以哪份合同效力为准的争议问题,这就是所谓的黑白合同现象。
In case of disputes arising in the course of implementation, for the sake of different interests, each party to such contracts tends to select the contract whose provisions are in his favor, and thus the problem which contract shall prevail comes into being. This is the so-called black and white contract phenomenon.
  在"黑白合同"中,到底应以哪一份合同作为结算工程款的依据?最高人民法院2004年9月29日公布的《关于审理建设工程施工合同纠纷案件适用法律问题的解释》第21条对此作出明确规定: "当事人就同一建设工程另行订立的建设工程施工合同与经过备案的中标合同实质性内容不一致的,应当以备案的中标合同作为结算工程款的根据"。
Black and white contract- which should be taken as the base for the settlement of construction payment? The Supreme People’s Court specially formulated in Article 21 of the Explanations on the Application of Legal Issues in the Trial of Construction Project Contract Dispute Cases adopted on 29 September 2004 that “in case of discrepancies between the substantial contents of the construction project contract separately stipulated by the parties and the contract filed for recordal for the same construction project whereby a bidding is won, the contract filed for recordal whereby the bidding is won shall be taken as the base for settlement of the construction payment. ”

 



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