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最常用的拉丁法律词汇注解(2)

作者:朱暮
 

Actio

Definition:诉权

常见短语或出处:actio in personam  (对人之诉);actio in rem (对物之诉); Actio ad exhibendum(出示之诉,交出原物之诉);Acito aestimatoria(行纪之诉,估价之诉);actio Serviana (对物的质押之诉)等。

 

Capita per capita

Definition: 头数 

常用短语或出处: per capita (人均)。 E.g. per capita income(人均收入), GDP per Capita(人均国内生产总值), per capita Gross National Income(人均国民总收入), annual per capita energy consumption for non-production purpose(年人均非生产性能源消耗), etc..

 

Pro rata   adv. 按照比例

Definition: In proportion, according to a factor that can be calculated exactly.

e.g. The loss was shared pro rata (损失按比例分摊)。

Where several debtors are each liable for the whole debt, they are said to be liable "in solidum" but where each is liable for his own share or proportion only, they are said to be bound "pro rata".

 

In solidum  连带,整体

定义: Latin term meaning for the whole. Where there are several co-obligants bound "in solidum", each is liable in full payment or performance, and the creditor may choose which of the obligants he will sue. Every person whose name appears on a bill, whether as acceptor or endorser, is liable in full payment of its contents although he may after payment do diligence against the others for relief. Those who in a joint obligation are not bound for the whole but only for their share are said to be liable "pro rata".

常用短语或出处: obligatio in solidum



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